Status of Women in India
In previous times, the status of women in India was inferior than men in the practical life. However, they had a higher status in scriptures. They are considered as the perfect home maker in the world. With their incomparable quality of calmness of their mind, they can easily handle even toughest situation. Indian women are completely devoted to their families. They’re preached in
the names of Goddess Saraswati, Goddess Durga, Parvati & Goddess Kali.
Their condition remains unchanged even during the modern times with only little changes. In India, women were never given any right of liberty & equality. Their condition becomes even worse when they gave birth to girls. Men treated them in a humiliated manner. They were not only permitted not to step outside their house but also abstained from being educated.
They were also supposed to eat after their husbands or even sometimes to eat their husband’s leftovers. Women were prohibited from taking external matters as well as domestic matters. They were under the influence of their parents before
marriage & their husband after marriage.
The status of women has been raised in the eyes of law, but they are still far from equal to men in every sphere of life. In practice, they continue to suffer discrimination, harassment, humiliation and exploitation in and outside home.
Theoretically, women might have been given more freedom but in practice, they still suffer many hardships, inhuman dignities and unworthy treatment everywhere. Within the home, she is still not treated at par with her male counterpart. Barring a few urban educated families, a baby girl is never welcomed with as much happiness as a baby boy.
The power to govern the home and the authority still rests in the hands of male head of the household. The dominant father model still persists in most of the middle and lower class families. Leaving aside a few, in the so-called modern families wives have not become equal partners to their husbands even if they are well-educated or more educated to their husbands.
Most of the decisions of the household—from purchasing daily household items to decide about the education and marriage of their children—are taken by father/husband. There is no significant change in the attitude of the males even in the families where females are working outside the home.
Women as daughters or wives have to seek permission from their fathers/husbands for going outside home or for receiving higher education. In some families, it is seen that husbands do not allow their wives of the same caliber and education to take up any job assignment of the same status outside the home.
They prefer their educated wives should utilize their energies just in home management and rearing and caring of children or old parents. Women’s lower status in Indian society contributes to early marriages, lower literacy, poor nutrition and high fertility and mortality levels, especially during the reproductive age.
In professional field their condition is also not better. Till recently, women from the higher castes were not allowed to work outside the home for some remunerative job. They do not enjoy equal rights in many matters in the occupational fields also.
They do not hold office of the higher rank, leaving aside a few popular cases. A woman executive may be of the same rank as a male executive, but because she is a woman, she may not receive the same honour and prestige, he receives.
The case of super cop Kiran Bedi is well known. She was superseded for the post of Delhi Police Commissioner by a man two years junior to her in service. Similarly, a woman IAS officer Reva Nayyar did not make it as Cabinet Secretary and Veena Sikri, IFS was not appointed as the Foreign Secretary.
There are still any numbers of other victims who wither unseen. Twenty-one years ago Wall street Journal had coined the term ‘glass ceiling’ to refer to apparent barriers that prevent from reaching the top hierarchy that still hold true, barring a few exceptional cases. Furthermore, women earn less than men have less access to more prestigious better paying occupations even when they are equal in all respects.
The best example is provided by the rural India, where in t heory women are equated with goddess, but in actual practice, they are treated as drudges. The problems of inferiority, inequality, dependence experienced by women have not much changed in the villages, where most of the India lives, even after 68 years of independence.
All treatment is coupled with no equal opportunity for social participation in spite of the immense amount of work which is expected of them in the home as well as in agricultural field or in some employment. One of the main characteristics of women is her multi-tasking dexterity. She is usually the one who handles home as well as occupational field or office.
Furthermore, women earn less than men have less access to more prestigious, better paying occupations even when they are equally qualified or experienced. Even having children increases the husband’s power, for the wife becomes more dependent.
I hope whatever is written here is no harmful to any community or people. I am trying to show current status of Women in India.
Thanks for taking time and reading it. My next blog will be on women empowerment and it will publish soon. So stay tuned with my blog. 🙂